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IANA IPv4 地址空间注册表

IANA IPv4 Address Space Registry

Last Updated
2013-03-22
Description
The allocation of Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) address space to various registries is listed
here. Originally, all the IPv4 address spaces was managed directly by the IANA. Later parts of the
address space were allocated to various other registries to manage for particular purposes or
regional areas of the world. RFC 1466 [RFC1466] documents most of these allocations.

This registry is also available in plain text.

Prefix Designation Date Whois Status [1] Note
000/8 IANA – Local Identification 1981-09 RESERVED [2]
001/8 APNIC 2010-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
002/8 RIPE NCC 2009-09 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
003/8 General Electric Company 1994-05 LEGACY
004/8 Level 3 Communications, Inc. 1992-12 LEGACY
005/8 RIPE NCC 2010-11 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
006/8 Army Information Systems Center 1994-02 LEGACY
007/8 Administered by ARIN 1995-04 whois.arin.net LEGACY
008/8 Level 3 Communications, Inc. 1992-12 LEGACY
009/8 IBM 1992-08 LEGACY
010/8 IANA – Private Use 1995-06 RESERVED [3]
011/8 DoD Intel Information Systems 1993-05 LEGACY
012/8 AT&T Bell Laboratories 1995-06 LEGACY
013/8 Xerox Corporation 1991-09 LEGACY
014/8 APNIC 2010-04 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED [4]
015/8 Hewlett-Packard Company 1994-07 LEGACY
016/8 Digital Equipment Corporation 1994-11 LEGACY
017/8 Apple Computer Inc. 1992-07 LEGACY
018/8 MIT 1994-01 LEGACY
019/8 Ford Motor Company 1995-05 LEGACY
020/8 Computer Sciences Corporation 1994-10 LEGACY
021/8 DDN-RVN 1991-07 LEGACY
022/8 Defense Information Systems Agency 1993-05 LEGACY
023/8 ARIN 2010-11 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
024/8 ARIN 2001-05 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
025/8 UK Ministry of Defence 1995-01 whois.ripe.net LEGACY
026/8 Defense Information Systems Agency 1995-05 LEGACY
027/8 APNIC 2010-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
028/8 DSI-North 1992-07 LEGACY
029/8 Defense Information Systems Agency 1991-07 LEGACY
030/8 Defense Information Systems Agency 1991-07 LEGACY
031/8 RIPE NCC 2010-05 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
032/8 AT&T Global Network Services 1994-06 LEGACY
033/8 DLA Systems Automation Center 1991-01 LEGACY
034/8 Halliburton Company 1993-03 LEGACY
035/8 Administered by ARIN 1994-04 whois.arin.net LEGACY
036/8 APNIC 2010-10 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
037/8 RIPE NCC 2010-11 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
038/8 PSINet, Inc. 1994-09 LEGACY
039/8 APNIC 2011-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
040/8 Administered by ARIN 1994-06 whois.arin.net LEGACY
041/8 AFRINIC 2005-04 whois.afrinic.net ALLOCATED
042/8 APNIC 2010-10 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
043/8 Administered by APNIC 1991-01 whois.apnic.net LEGACY
044/8 Amateur Radio Digital Communications 1992-07 LEGACY
045/8 Administered by ARIN 1995-01 whois.arin.net LEGACY
046/8 RIPE NCC 2009-09 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
047/8 Administered by ARIN 1991-01 whois.arin.net LEGACY
048/8 Prudential Securities Inc. 1995-05 LEGACY
049/8 APNIC 2010-08 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
050/8 ARIN 2010-02 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
051/8 UK Government Department for Work and Pensions 1994-08 whois.ripe.net LEGACY
052/8 E.I. duPont de Nemours and Co., Inc. 1991-12 LEGACY
053/8 Cap Debis CCS 1993-10 LEGACY
054/8 Administered by ARIN 1992-03 whois.arin.net LEGACY
055/8 DoD Network Information Center 1995-04 LEGACY
056/8 US Postal Service 1994-06 LEGACY
057/8 SITA 1995-05 LEGACY
058/8 APNIC 2004-04 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
059/8 APNIC 2004-04 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
060/8 APNIC 2003-04 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
061/8 APNIC 1997-04 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
062/8 RIPE NCC 1997-04 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
063/8 ARIN 1997-04 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
064/8 ARIN 1999-07 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
065/8 ARIN 2000-07 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
066/8 ARIN 2000-07 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
067/8 ARIN 2001-05 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
068/8 ARIN 2001-06 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
069/8 ARIN 2002-08 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
070/8 ARIN 2004-01 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
071/8 ARIN 2004-08 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
072/8 ARIN 2004-08 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
073/8 ARIN 2005-03 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
074/8 ARIN 2005-06 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
075/8 ARIN 2005-06 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
076/8 ARIN 2005-06 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
077/8 RIPE NCC 2006-08 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
078/8 RIPE NCC 2006-08 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
079/8 RIPE NCC 2006-08 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
080/8 RIPE NCC 2001-04 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
081/8 RIPE NCC 2001-04 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
082/8 RIPE NCC 2002-11 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
083/8 RIPE NCC 2003-11 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
084/8 RIPE NCC 2003-11 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
085/8 RIPE NCC 2004-04 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
086/8 RIPE NCC 2004-04 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
087/8 RIPE NCC 2004-04 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
088/8 RIPE NCC 2004-04 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
089/8 RIPE NCC 2005-06 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
090/8 RIPE NCC 2005-06 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
091/8 RIPE NCC 2005-06 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
092/8 RIPE NCC 2007-03 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
093/8 RIPE NCC 2007-03 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
094/8 RIPE NCC 2007-07 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
095/8 RIPE NCC 2007-07 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
096/8 ARIN 2006-10 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
097/8 ARIN 2006-10 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
098/8 ARIN 2006-10 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
099/8 ARIN 2006-10 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
100/8 ARIN 2010-11 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED [5]
101/8 APNIC 2010-08 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
102/8 AFRINIC 2011-02 whois.afrinic.net ALLOCATED
103/8 APNIC 2011-02 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
104/8 ARIN 2011-02 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
105/8 AFRINIC 2010-11 whois.afrinic.net ALLOCATED
106/8 APNIC 2011-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
107/8 ARIN 2010-02 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
108/8 ARIN 2008-12 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
109/8 RIPE NCC 2009-01 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
110/8 APNIC 2008-11 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
111/8 APNIC 2008-11 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
112/8 APNIC 2008-05 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
113/8 APNIC 2008-05 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
114/8 APNIC 2007-10 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
115/8 APNIC 2007-10 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
116/8 APNIC 2007-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
117/8 APNIC 2007-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
118/8 APNIC 2007-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
119/8 APNIC 2007-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
120/8 APNIC 2007-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
121/8 APNIC 2006-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
122/8 APNIC 2006-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
123/8 APNIC 2006-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
124/8 APNIC 2005-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
125/8 APNIC 2005-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
126/8 APNIC 2005-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
127/8 IANA – Loopback 1981-09 RESERVED [6]
128/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
129/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
130/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
131/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
132/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
133/8 Administered by APNIC 1997-03 whois.apnic.net LEGACY
134/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
135/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
136/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
137/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
138/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
139/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
140/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
141/8 Administered by RIPE NCC 1993-05 whois.ripe.net LEGACY
142/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
143/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
144/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
145/8 Administered by RIPE NCC 1993-05 whois.ripe.net LEGACY
146/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
147/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
148/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
149/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
150/8 Administered by APNIC 1993-05 whois.apnic.net LEGACY
151/8 Administered by RIPE NCC 1993-05 whois.ripe.net LEGACY
152/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
153/8 Administered by APNIC 1993-05 whois.apnic.net LEGACY
154/8 Administered by AFRINIC 1993-05 whois.afrinic.net LEGACY
155/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
156/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
157/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
158/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
159/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
160/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
161/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
162/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
163/8 Administered by APNIC 1993-05 whois.apnic.net LEGACY
164/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
165/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
166/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
167/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
168/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
169/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY [7]
170/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
171/8 Administered by APNIC 1993-05 whois.apnic.net LEGACY
172/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY [8]
173/8 ARIN 2008-02 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
174/8 ARIN 2008-02 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
175/8 APNIC 2009-08 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
176/8 RIPE NCC 2010-05 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
177/8 LACNIC 2010-06 whois.lacnic.net ALLOCATED
178/8 RIPE NCC 2009-01 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
179/8 LACNIC 2011-02 whois.lacnic.net ALLOCATED
180/8 APNIC 2009-04 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
181/8 LACNIC 2010-06 whois.lacnic.net ALLOCATED
182/8 APNIC 2009-08 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
183/8 APNIC 2009-04 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
184/8 ARIN 2008-12 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
185/8 RIPE NCC 2011-02 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
186/8 LACNIC 2007-09 whois.lacnic.net ALLOCATED
187/8 LACNIC 2007-09 whois.lacnic.net ALLOCATED
188/8 Administered by RIPE NCC 1993-05 whois.ripe.net LEGACY
189/8 LACNIC 1995-06 whois.lacnic.net ALLOCATED
190/8 LACNIC 1995-06 whois.lacnic.net ALLOCATED
191/8 Administered by LACNIC 1993-05 whois.lacnic.net LEGACY
192/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY [9][10]
193/8 RIPE NCC 1993-05 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
194/8 RIPE NCC 1993-05 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
195/8 RIPE NCC 1993-05 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
196/8 Administered by AFRINIC 1993-05 whois.afrinic.net LEGACY
197/8 AFRINIC 2008-10 whois.afrinic.net ALLOCATED
198/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY [11]
199/8 ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
200/8 LACNIC 2002-11 whois.lacnic.net ALLOCATED
201/8 LACNIC 2003-04 whois.lacnic.net ALLOCATED
202/8 APNIC 1993-05 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
203/8 APNIC 1993-05 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED [12]
204/8 ARIN 1994-03 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
205/8 ARIN 1994-03 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
206/8 ARIN 1995-04 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
207/8 ARIN 1995-11 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
208/8 ARIN 1996-04 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
209/8 ARIN 1996-06 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
210/8 APNIC 1996-06 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
211/8 APNIC 1996-06 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
212/8 RIPE NCC 1997-10 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
213/8 RIPE NCC 1993-10 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
214/8 US-DOD 1998-03 LEGACY
215/8 US-DOD 1998-03 LEGACY
216/8 ARIN 1998-04 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
217/8 RIPE NCC 2000-06 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
218/8 APNIC 2000-12 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
219/8 APNIC 2001-09 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
220/8 APNIC 2001-12 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
221/8 APNIC 2002-07 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
222/8 APNIC 2003-02 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
223/8 APNIC 2010-04 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
224/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13]
225/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13]
226/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13]
227/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13]
228/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13]
229/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13]
230/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13]
231/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13]
232/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13]
233/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13]
234/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13][14]
235/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13]
236/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13]
237/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13]
238/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13]
239/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13][15]
240/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
241/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
242/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
243/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
244/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
245/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
246/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
247/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
248/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
249/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
250/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
251/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
252/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
253/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
254/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
255/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16][17]

Footnotes

[1]
Indicates the status of address blocks as follows:
RESERVED: designated by the IETF for specific non-global-unicast purposes as noted.
LEGACY: allocated by the central Internet Registry (IR) prior to the Regional Internet Registries
(RIRs). This address space is now administered by individual RIRs as noted, including maintenance
of WHOIS Directory and reverse DNS records. Assignments from these blocks are distributed globally
on a regional basis.
ALLOCATED: delegated entirely to specific RIR as indicated.
UNALLOCATED: not yet allocated or reserved.
[2]
0.0.0.0/8 reserved for self-identification [RFC1122], section 3.2.1.3. 
Reserved by protocol. For authoritative registration, see [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].
[3]
Reserved for Private-Use Networks [RFC1918].
Complete registration details for 10.0.0.0/8 are found in [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].
[4]
This was reserved for Public Data Networks [RFC1356]. See [IANA registry public-data-network-numbers].
It was recovered in February 2008 and was subsequently allocated to APNIC in April 2010.
[5]
100.64.0.0/10 reserved for Shared Address Space [RFC6598]. 
Complete registration details for 100.64.0.0/10 are found in [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].
[6]
127.0.0.0/8 reserved for Loopback [RFC1122], section 3.2.1.3. 
Reserved by protocol. For authoritative registration, see [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].
[7]
169.254.0.0/16 reserved for Link Local [RFC3927].
Reserved by protocol. For authoritative registration, see [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].
[8]
172.16.0.0/12 reserved for Private-Use Networks [RFC1918]. 
Complete registration details are found in [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].
[9]
192.0.2.0/24  reserved for TEST-NET-1 [RFC5737]. 
Complete registration details for 192.0.2.0/24 are found in [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].
192.88.99.0/24 reserved for 6to4 Relay Anycast [RFC3068]
Complete registration details for 192.88.99.0/24 are found in [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].
192.88.99.2/32 reserved for 6a44 Relay Anycast [RFC6751] (possibly collocated with 6to4 Relay 
at 192.88.99.1/32 - see [RFC3068] section 2.4)
192.168.0.0/16 reserved for Private-Use Networks [RFC1918]. 
Complete registration details for 192.168.0.0/16 are found in [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].
[10]
192.0.0.0/24 reserved for IANA IPv4 Special Purpose Address Registry [RFC5736]. 
Complete registration details for 192.0.0.0/24 are found in [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].
[11]
198.18.0.0/15 reserved for Network Interconnect Device Benchmark Testing [RFC2544]. 
Complete registration details for 198.18.0.0/15 are found in [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].
198.51.100.0/24 reserved for TEST-NET-2 [RFC5737]. 
Complete registration details for 198.51.100.0/24 are found in [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].
[12]
203.0.113.0/24 reserved for TEST-NET-3 [RFC5737]. 
Complete registration details for 203.0.113.0/24 are found in [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].
[13]
Multicast (formerly "Class D") [RFC5771] registered in [IANA registry multicast-addresses]
[14]
Unicast-Prefix-Based IPv4 Multicast Addresses [RFC6034]
[15]
Administratively Scoped IP Multicast [RFC2365]
[16]
Reserved for future use (formerly "Class E") [RFC1112].
Reserved by protocol. For authoritative registration, see [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].
[17]
255.255.255.255 is reserved for "limited broadcast" destination address [RFC919] and [RFC922].
Complete registration details for 255.255.255.255/32 are found in [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].

相关资源:

 

root-servers

根域名服务器 Root Servers

root-servers

Internet Domain Name System Root Servers


全球13个根域名服务器以英文字母A到M依序命名,网域名称格式为“字母.root-servers.net”。其中7个并不只有单一个服务器,是以任播(anycast)技术在全球多个地点设立镜像站。

字母 IPv4地址 IPv6地址 自治系统编号(AS-number)[1] 旧名称 运作单位 设置地点 #数量(全球性/地区性)[2] 软件
A 198.41.0.4 2001:503:ba3e::2:30 AS19836 ns.internic.net VeriSign 以任播技术分散设置于多处 6/0 BIND
B 192.228.79.201 (2004年1月起生效,旧IP地址为128.9.0.107)[3] 2001:478:65::53 (not in root zone yet) none ns1.isi.edu 南加州大学信息科学研究所 (Information Sciences Institute, University of Southern California)  美国加州马里纳戴尔雷伊 (Marina del Rey) 0/1 BIND
C 192.33.4.12 AS2149 c.psi.net Cogent Communications 以任播技术分散设置于多处 6/0 BIND
D 128.8.10.90 AS27 terp.umd.edu 马里兰大学学院市分校 (University of Maryland, College Park)  美国马里兰州大学公园市 (College Park) 1/0 BIND
E 192.203.230.10 AS297 ns.nasa.gov NASA  美国加州山景城 (Mountain View) 1/0 BIND
F 192.5.5.241 2001:500:2f::f AS3557 ns.isc.org 互联网系统协会 (Internet Systems Consortium) 以任播技术分散设置于多处 2/47 BIND 9[4]
G 192.112.36.4 AS5927 ns.nic.ddn.mil 美国国防部国防信息系统局 (Defense Information Systems Agency) 以任播技术分散设置于多处 6/0 BIND
H 128.63.2.53 2001:500:1::803f:235 AS13 aos.arl.army.mil 美国国防部陆军研究所 (U.S. Army Research Lab)  美国马里兰州阿伯丁(Aberdeen) 1/0 NSD
I 192.36.148.17 2001:7fe::53 AS29216 nic.nordu.net 瑞典奥托诺米嘉公司(Autonomica) 以任播技术分散设置于多处 36 BIND
J 192.58.128.30 (2002年11月起生效,旧IP地址为198.41.0.10) 2001:503:c27::2:30 AS26415 VeriSign 以任播技术分散设置于多处 63/7 BIND
K 193.0.14.129 2001:7fd::1 AS25152 荷兰RIPE NCC 以任播技术分散设置于多处 5/13 NSD[5]
L 199.7.83.42 (2007年11月起生效,旧IP地址为198.32.64.12)[6] 2001:500:3::42 AS20144 ICANN 以任播技术分散设置于多处 37/1 NSD[7]
M 202.12.27.33 2001:dc3::35 AS7500 日本WIDE Project 以任播技术分散设置于多处 5/1 BIND

参见

Hostname IP Addresses Manager
a.root-servers.net 198.41.0.4, 2001:503:ba3e::2:30 VeriSign, Inc.
b.root-servers.net 192.228.79.201 University of Southern California (ISI)
c.root-servers.net 192.33.4.12 Cogent Communications
d.root-servers.net 199.7.91.13, 2001:500:2d::d University of Maryland
e.root-servers.net 192.203.230.10 NASA (Ames Research Center)
f.root-servers.net 192.5.5.241, 2001:500:2f::f Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
g.root-servers.net 192.112.36.4 US Department of Defence (NIC)
h.root-servers.net 128.63.2.53, 2001:500:1::803f:235 US Army (Research Lab)
i.root-servers.net 192.36.148.17, 2001:7fe::53 Netnod
j.root-servers.net 192.58.128.30, 2001:503:c27::2:30 VeriSign, Inc.
k.root-servers.net 193.0.14.129, 2001:7fd::1 RIPE NCC
l.root-servers.net 199.7.83.42, 2001:500:3::42 ICANN
m.root-servers.net 202.12.27.33, 2001:dc3::35 WIDE Project

Pump It – Black Eyed Peas


纪念五一假期后,第一天上班就加班,特此发布!
您收听该歌时,本人可能正在加班中。。。。。。
播放列表中新增一首歌曲。法国电影 Taix 4 中的插曲 Pump It -Black Eyed Peas Ha ha ha
Pump it
Ha ha ha
And pump it (louder) [4x]

Turn up the radio
Blast your stereo
how why

get up again

how how

Niggers wanna hate on us (who)
Niggers be envious (who)
And I know why they hating on us (why)
Cause our style’s so fabulous (what)
I’m be real on us (common)
Nobody got nothing on us (no)
Girls be all on us, from London back down to the US (s, s)

We rocking it (contagious), monkey business (outrageous)
Just confess, your girl admits that we bomb yea yea the bomb

F-R-E-S-H we(fresh)
D-E-F, that’s right we def (rock)
We definite B-E-P, we rapping it
So, turn it up (turn it up) [3x]
Common baby, just

Pump it(louder) [6x]

And say, oh oh oh oh
Say, oh oh oh oh
(Yo yo)

Turn up the radio
Blast your stereo
Right now
This joint is fizzling
It’s sizzling
Ry

(Yo, check this out right here)
Dude wanna hate on us(dude)
Dude need to ease on up(dude)
Dude wanna act on up
But dude get shut like flavor shut(shut down)
Chicks say, she ain’t down
But chick backstage when we in town(ha)
She like man on drunk(fool)
She wanna hit n’ run(errs)
Yeah, that’s the speed
That’s what we do
That’s who we be
B-L-A-C-K -E-Y-E-D-P to the E, then the A to the S
When we play you shake your ass
(Shake it shake it) shake it girl
Make sure you don’t break it, girl
(Cause we gonna)

Turn it up (turn it up) [3x]
Common baby, just
Pump it (louder) [6x]

And say, oh oh oh oh
Say, oh oh oh oh
(Yo yo)

Turn up the radio
Blast your stereo
Right now
This joint is fizzling
It’s sizzling
Ry

dman (damn) [5x]

Wow

Apl. de ap. from Philippines
Live and direct rocking this scene
Breaking on down for the B-boys
And B-girls waiting to do their thing
Pump it, louder come on
Don’t stop and keep it goin’
Do it lets get it on
Move it

Come on, baby, do it

La-da-di-da-da-di-die
On the stere-ere-ereo
Let those speakers blow your mind
(Blow my mind, baby)
To let it go, let it go
Here we go
La-da-di-da-da-di-die (common, we’re there)
On the rad-adi-adi-io
This systems got me feel so fi-ei-ei-eine
(I’m fine are you?)

Pump it (louder) [6x]

And say, oh oh oh oh
Say, oh oh oh oh
(Yo, yo)
Turn up the radio
Blast your stereo
Right now
This joint is fizzling
It’s sizzling
Ry



[END]

]]>

中文用户如何使用 Google’s Gmail Chat

早就听说 Gmail中加入了聊天功能,相当于Google Talk.可一直没能见到.?!

后来看到一些文章说将“语言”改变为”English(US)”才会看到一些新的功能.

试了一下果真如此.

一下是 Google 黑板报 中 关于 Gmail Chat 的 博客网志.

 

http://googlechinablog.com/2006/02/gmail-chat.html 

注:Gmail Chat 聊天功能目前还没有在中文界面推出,但我们正在努力!到时我一定通过 Google 黑板报第一个报告给您。如果您有 Gmail 帐户又想试试,不妨在您 Gmail 界面右上角的 “设置” 一栏下将 “语言” 转换成 English (US) — 英语(美国)。

Gmail Chat 截图
http://mail.google.com/mail/help/chat.html

List of MI6 Officers

22 August 2005. Another MI6 officers list provided by anonymous on 21 August 2005:

http://cryptome.org/mi6-list2.htm
http://bohu.net/wp/?p=75

31 May 1999: Requests for this file from Thu-13-May-1999 14:02 US-EST to Mon-31-May-1999 07:59 US-EST (17.7 days): 35,482.

19 May 1999: See also: Is the MI6 Spy List a True List?

16 May 1999. A partial answer to (updated):

This …